Home About News Blog Photos Links
RESOURCES
Articles 100+
Bitless Bridles
Book Reviews
Book & DVD's Recommended
DVD Reviews
Hoofcare
Horsemanship
Ideas for Fun
Laminitis Info
Natural Living
Poems & Fun
Product Reviews
Saddles
Services Directory
Trailers/Floats
The Five Keys
Shop
Young Horses
Zebra Training


Paddock Paradise

Reading Jaime Jackson's book, Paddock Paradise inspired me to implement a new approach to keeping my horses that encourages more movement and in the spring/summer, will enable me to control grazing so laminitic events are kept under control.
I constructed an inner electric fence around the perimeter of my 10 acre paddock to form a track that is wide where the horses are fed and narrows where I want them to keep moving such as on the steeper slopes.

I was able to fence off one dam so they have to travel further to get water and I have six different areas to put out hay depending on the weather. On frosty and wet nights I put hay under the wattle trees so the horses have shelter and on sunny days they are fed in several different areas in the open where they can soak up the warmth. Eventually when my barn is extended there will be an undercover area I can feed hay that will have a gravel base.

I also had a truckload of gravel spread along a fence line where they walk and like to stand, and over time, I will gravel more areas so when we have wet weather, they can at least be on firm footing.
So far, the horses have adpated well and definately move around more, running up the big hill through the bush for extra exercise.
Interestingly, they are mostly moving in an anti clockwise direction, whereas in his book Jaime observed the horses moved in a mostly closkwise direction. I wonder if that's because we're in different hemispheres or is it related to the terrain?

I can see this way of keeping horses will be very beneficial to the land by restricting hoof damage to the track area and in the grass growing months, it will really benefit the horses to be restricted from too much sugary grass. I imagine they will be able to graze some of the time, like in the mornings when the grass has less sugar, so I will need to feed hay most of the year round.
But if that's what it takes to have healthy, strong hooves with no seperation, no abcesses and no mud fever, then the benefits far outweight the extra costs (initially in setting up the track) and extra time feeding.

Overall, I predict I will save many hours from not treating mud fever or damaged hooves..... and my horses will be sound and ready to ride with better conditioned hooves and muscles.


Update one month later

From my initial set up on 10 acres of hillside, I discovered the horses were traveling around the track well, especially when I increased the herd size from 4 to 6. Then it rained a bit and the track got slippery and muddy in sections so they would just go the minimum distance between food and water.
I stopped spreading the hay around the track as I wanted to feed it in the shelter of the trees or in the hay boxes so they weren't able to waste so much. They still had to travel from the top of the hill to the bottom to get water and I tried to encourage more movement by feeding them their bucket feed each morning in the area opposite where they liked to stand and eat hay.
But because they could see me from their hay area, they would just stand at the fence as if to say "we can see you but we can't work out how to reach you"! They were well aware of how to get to the feeding area - just reluctant to slip and slide down the hill unless I led them!

Also, they were rushing down the slippery areas and this ploughed up the soil quite a bit so that could become a problem in the future.
This was very frustrating so in the end I took the fence down just so I could keep my time and energy at a reasonable level. I will have to put better footing down (more gravel) on those slippery sections so they feel safe traveling before the track is re-installed on this particular paddock.

Now that winter is over and its not nearly as wet as in previous years (unless we get huge amounts of spring rain), I will be setting up the track again in other paddocks to keep my fatter horses off the grass.
I've used this time to have some maintenance done on the external fences and to ensure all steel posts are capped and new electric wire will carry the current around so my internal track fences will work properly when they are most needed (when the grass grows and is tempting them to push on the fence).
So far, I've only had to use one white tape on tread in posts which are easier to move, to keep them on the track, but that could all change when there's grass on the other side!

The mares and foals live in the centre of my track as they need more feed while the 'fatties' are confined to the 8m wide track which has been grazed for only 1 week when this photo was taken, and is a lot more eaten down now.

The horses all move together whether on the inside pasture or the track so generally more more and faster at times.

Placing gravel on high wear parts of the track can help with hoof conditioning and erosion/mud.

A track for two horses only needs to be about 3 metres wide - a good guide is have 1 metre per horse + an extra metre.


GPS TRACKING RESULTS:

Another 'project' of mine is to find better ways of providing a more natural environment for my horses to live in, that fulfils their physical and emotional needs. This led me to offering my two herds to be part of a study on how much movement a horse does in a typical daily domestic situation.
Brian Hampson is studying movement of domestic and feral horses to gather information for his PHD with the University of QLD. He provided the GPS collars which were fitted to one horse in each herd for a period of one week on a track around the perimiter of their pasture, and a second week in the centre of the track.

I fitted the collars to my youngest mare in the riding herd who was at the bottom of the pecking order, and to my rising 2 year old filly in the breeding herd, also at the bottom of the pecking order.
The results were interesting and correlated with other similar domestic situations which have found that the horses on the track move less or the same amount compared to being in the centre.
The riding herd were in a 5 acre pasture and the movement was a little over 5km per day both on the track and in the centre. The breeding herd were on a 2-3 acre pasture and the movement was 3.5km on the track and 4.13km in the open pasture where there was more opportunity for the horses to run and play (as young horses do).
This suprised me a little as I've always thought, like many others, that the track would surely cause them to move more - and I'm sure it would in different situations but all the variables would need to be tested to find this out.

Most of the research has been done with pastures and tracks that offer constant grazing and in my case, I was also strip grazing the track by moving the fence in a few metres in various places to offer a small amount of fresh pick each day.
More research would need to done on tracks that have little or no pick and hay placed in various places as the main source of food. Where the water was positioned in relation to the hay would also influence the amount of movement.

Even if the research shows that a track system offers no difference in the amount of movement, the big benefit of using a track is the ability to restrict the amount of grass intake, and that has to be a whole lot better than shutting a horse in a small yard or paddock to achieve the same.

Brian is continuing his research and presenting a paper on the findings so far at a conference in France in June. To keep up with the results you can register for updates on the web site at www.wildhorseresearch.com and to learn more about how you can provide a more natural living environment for your horse.


Leigh Martin from Mountain River in Tasmania writes about his track...

We have set up track about 4months ago I guess, been working well, in fact I think its could be the best thing we have ever done for our horses.
We are lucky in that the perimiter of our property (about 1.5klm) is where most of our trees are and our dam and bush areas. Unfortuntely for the horses (well they think so) the dam is at the opposite end of the property to all the nice grass.
They have defintely developed regular beats and places they like to go at certain times of the day and they never gallop just huge extended canters if they want to have a run/play. Which they seem to do a hell of a lot!!
We have some big paddocks off our track and open them up occasionally for them, we try to get the right mix of grass and track, when we open a paddock they often stay in there all day so we shoo them out and close if of a night. Once the paddock has been opened for a while they treat is as part of the track, in fact we set the gates up so they have to go the long way around to get grass and then come all the way back out and along the track to get a drink....and then back again...its a hard life.... It is much easier to manage their feeding, we yard them of night for an hour or so as some get separate feeds and off they go again.

Fitness levels and toplines have improved out of sight. Fat ponies have to keep up with the fickle TB's now. Drink once a day it seems, don't always go for the trees when its hot, often seen resting in the blazing sun. When its really windy they hate the trees they go for the flat plains where there are no trees whatsoever....cold rain and wind though they often go for the trees. They play a hell of a lot and its interesting that there is no real agression in it, no real biting just nipping and grabbing each other with their teeth. They have also dug a couple of big holes, one in particular is huge and they have turned it into a big
dust roll, they have one they use a lot in
a damp area and one they use a lot in a very dry area?
And interestingly one of our ponies who suffers terribly from separation anxiety is almost cured. All ours are in together and could not be happier so when we take her riding she is already feeling calm and content before she leaves the paddock and taking her away this calmness seems to follow her....rather than the opposite effect. Mentally she is more resilient and stronger. Horses are defintely much happier and have much more choice about what they do
.

PHOTO: The electric tape gate across the driveway opens to the opposite side of the gate opening to close off the track while driving through.


Alyssa's Paddock Paradise Experience

OK, well it started off being about water. I was aware of the Jaime Jackson paddock paradise concept, because I had done some reading, and heard others talk about it, but I always assumed it would be too difficult or too expensive, and I wasn't really sure what the benefits would be other than warm fuzzies.
Besides that, we had just spent the last few years changing the fences that we had, because this property used to be a dairy. I was very happy with what we had, and I felt it was safe. We also put in a foaling paddock with mesh fences and a shelter that we could see from the house, and a pea gravel yard, so that had been our priority.
We have a creek running right through the middle of the property.
Up until last year, billabongs in our creek provided water to almost every paddock. The whole property is 35 acres. We have seven paddocks (of varying sizes). I run three separate herds by activity level.
The numbers change, because horses come and go, but basically one herd is oldies (4 or 5 horses), one of youngies (7 to 9 horses) and one of aggressive or nutty horses (only 2 or 3 together). I was doing a rotation of the paddocks, the way I imagine most people would. I let the horses eat it down to about 5-10cm, move them, then spread the poos with a harrow and rest the paddock. It re-grows to about 20-30 centimetres - give or take, and then I put them back in.

I was locking up the founder horses overnight in the pea gravel yard, which is about 30 x 15m (this used to be the cattle yard with the chase). They had soaked hay. They didn't founder, but they also weren't flourishing, and I still struggled with thrush, wall separation and cracks, WLD, and coat quality. These were horses that before they came here used to spend their springs and summers flat out on the ground in agony, so I wasn't going to quibble over a bit of seedy toe. I had been pleased with getting them through without being lame, but it was still there in the back of my mind that I could do better.

Then we didn't get any decent rain. The billabongs dried up. I had to keep the horses in the paddocks with dams, or in paddocks adjacent to paddocks with dams, which meant I wasn't able to do my rotation. There was no rain breaking down the spread poos. Paddocks were getting stressed. Horses were getting fat. The dams were becoming little muddy holes because the horses were rolling in them, and squashing any plants that were growing around the edges. It wasn't working.

We had bought pigtail posts and electric tape, because we were doing mass plantings of natives to secure the banks of the creek and also to provide shade for the paddocks (this place had almost no trees). We were fencing off these areas and running the tape off the same solar chargers that ran the stand-offs. This was changing the shape of the paddocks to a much more organic shape, rather than squares, because the fence would follow the creek line in a serpentine, and we were planting trees in corners and thus making the paddocks a hexagon-type shape.

So one day, after looking at the sad little puddle that was my front dam, I got my left over pigtail posts and my tape and made a long corridor isolating the dam and directing the youngies herd from the middle of the property to a water trough right up here near the house, which I could fill from our tanks. The corridor was about 250 metres long and about 15 - 20 metres wide, with a kind of bulb on the end where the water is. It took about an hour. I used about 25-30 pigtail posts ($50 for a pack of ten) and a 400m reel of econobraid electric tape ($65) and a solar charger ($260), plus a galvanized star picket that I used as an earth ($7). This corridor directed them into a paddock on the hill (on the poor pasture) that was essentially round because of the tree plantings in the corners.

What I found was that most of the time they either cantered along the corridor or galloped. When they hit the open space, if they weren't galloping already they would increase speed. They would follow the fenceline, and instead of pulling up in the corner, they would go around (and around and around).
Coming back the other way, they were cutting the corner at the bottom, and wearing a big divot, so I put a log there, thinking they would go around it. Instead they started jumping it. Gleefully!

I will just pause here to say that most of the horses that we take are usually ex-dressage horses, showjumpers, show horses, some OTTBs – horses disposed towards athleticism, but that have been in shoes from a very young age, ridden in big nasty bits, ridden through lameness with drugs or 'remedial shoeing', grain fed, stabled etc etc.
Suddenly these horses were traveling at speed along this corridor several times a day.
Then I had a baby, and I left the founder horses out while I was in hospital, and when I came back five days later, they looked terrific! So I decided to leave them out and watch closely. We also had a newborn, and it was more convenient.

Four other things happened simultaneously with my corridor that contributed significantly to the soundness of these horses:
1. I contacted Carol Layton at www.balancedequine.com.au and she balanced minerals for my pasture and prepared a diet for one horse from each herd. Horses that weren't being fed at all up until then got the mineral mix with a handful of chaff. This has made a huge difference.
2. I found a new dentist who is a mile better than my old one.
3. I found a new vet/chiro/osteo who was turning around in one visit horses that I had essentially given up on.
4. I bought a treeless dressage saddle.
Oh, and 5. I put the horses with arthritis on a greenlip mussel supplement.

Five weeks after I had my baby I had a dressage lesson on one of my old men. He hadn't been ridden for over six months, and we were asking him to do quite difficult gymnastic, lateral work. He was doing tempi changes and not even breaking a sweat. Different horse!
It took a little while to get the diets right, because all the horses here are idiosyncratic (or they wouldn't be here!), but hoof quality improved. Wall cracks were growing out, frogs were more robust.
These horses that were not lame, lame, but not sound, sound either were running around looking ten years younger. Coats were improving. Horses that always had just a touch of greasy heel most of the time cleared up. Tempers were getting better. There were fewer scuffles. Weights were better all round (except for one welshy who is a different story).
Even their manes and tails were tangle free!

Trailriding they are unflappable, even in large groups, in the wind, with strange dogs. I took the very worst founder horse, who's been out 24/7 for a few months now in Edge boots on the fronts. He was moving forward, ears pricked on road base. Beautiful! Happy! Enjoying himself!
I took a little mare out who I hadn't been on for a year and a half on hard trail ride up and down mountains, bare. She should have been exhausted or at least footsore, but she wasn't. She was fit.

So then I go completely nuts for paddock paradise. Basically I made a racetrack around two of the paddocks. Two of them are long and narrow already. So 4 of the 7 paddocks are now paddock paradise. It cost me about $500 for each one – each of which has about 400 metres of electric braid, up to 30 pigtail posts, one solar charger and a galvanised star picket for an earth. With two of them I can use the one solar charger at a gate and attach it to different paddocks.
I also bought some bungee gates so that I can block sections or to direct horses through gates in to different paddocks (extend the track through a gate to a create figure eight). I've organised it so that three paddocks access water from troughs near the house (still no rain).

The horses that I was feeding before paddock paradise are now receiving less in volume than they were receiving before, but now we have these squares in the middle of the paddock that I'm not quite sure what to do with. Then one day I'm talking to my neighbour, who is a proper farmer, and he tells me that he is happy to cut and bale hay for me for an hourly rate, because he has all the equipment, and we have an adjoining gate. I asked him if I need to plant something special and he said he is happy to bale anything.

So our plan now, over the next twelve months is to remineralise the soil. We have made headway with weeds since we have been here, but we'll try to eliminate them completely. Then we will grow grasses, bale them, get the hay tested and then balance minerals to our own hay. The feed quality will be consistent and balanced, and hopefully in the long run much cheaper! We will know exactly what's in it, and know that there are no chemicals being used.

In the tracks we will introduce more obstacles, and a range of surfaces – sand, gravel, water, jumps. In some places we will make permanent fences, but I like having the versatility of the pigtail posts.

With planning and help you could do it in an afternoon. With planning, shopping around and haggling you could probably do it much cheaper than I have too. I did a lot of it on my own, and in a spare hour here or there while my babies were asleep, so you don't need to be a fencing whizz. If you agisted you could buy your own equipment and take it with you. I only wished I had done it years ago.

Some observations:
The width of the track is dependent on the number of horses you have in it. If you only have two horses then it needs to be quite narrow in order to encourage movement at pace.
For larger numbers it needs to be wide enough for at least three to run abreast.
If you have a long straight corridor you need to have a bulb on the end so that they have room to swing around. Having seen the speed they pick up, I would hate to think what would happen if they hit a dead end.
You also need to funnel them through a gate way, so they are in single file by the time they reach it.
While it's good to have obstacles (and fun to watch), they need to be safe, and you need to regularly walk the track to remove smaller sticks, branches and rocks. Also I have always made an obstacle a choice, so they can go around it if they choose.
I like the electric tape and the pigtail posts and bungee gates because you can change the set up very quickly and easily, and also if someone needs to bail out mid-flight then there won't be much damage to the horse or the fence. That being said, I've had quite a few different horses in this system and only one of them escapes – our two-year-old welshy, and he's never hurt himself.

Brian Hampson from the Brumby research institute did some research on whether horses moved more in an open paddock or on a track, and I think he found that it was the same (I haven't read it – maybe someone who knows more could expand more on that), but my experience has been that the horses here are moving more at speed than they did in an open paddock.

It's got to be good for blood flow to the hoof for them to be having a bit of a gallop every day. I know their fitness has improved out of sight. I know they are sounder, and they're happier. I never thought I'd be able to turn out the founder horses in the middle of spring, but they're out there, they're fit and rideable. They look great! More – they're not costing me more to feed this way. I'm not soaking hay.


Diagram example of a track around a 10 acre pasture.


Thanks to Stevley Park and the Australian Equine Barefoot Movement
for permission to use this diagram.


Links to more Paddock Paradise Resources

Paddock Paradise is catching on around the world and this site has the most comprehensive information that I've come across. Its a place where you can add info/photos/video of your paddock paradise and access info from many others including topics such as slow feeders, challenges, layouts/designs, FAQ’s and more. This site also has the most comprehensive list of paddock paradise links and places where you can buy small hole nets for hay feeders. Well worth checking out for inspiration.

 

 

Sign up for my free monthly newsletter featuring the latest info on horse care, nutrition, horsemanship, barefoot, bitless and new products.

Enter your email address:

 Privacy Note: Your email address will not be used for anything other than the service you subscribe to.

 

Visit the Natural Horse World Store
for quality 'horse endorsed' products

Featured Product

The LightRider Bitless Bridle is the best thing for your horse - It gives you control, and your horse comfort ...Read more

Buy Now


Disclaimer: The information contained within this website is soley the expressed views and opinions of the author, unless otherwise stated, and the author accepts no responsability for the way this information is used by viewers. The information is provided to help PREVENT problems, not to replace veterinary advice.

Contact:

Cynthia Cooper -
Natural Horse World

46 Wattle Lea Lane, Golden Valley. Tasmania, 7304. Australia.

Ph. 0419 372279

Home | About | Photos | Resources | Links | Newsletter
 free web template from myfreetemplates.com - modified by Cynthia Cooper.